What is OCD? How is obsessive compulsive disorder treated? You might be experiencing intrusive thoughts or images that will not go away. You might be struggling with compulsive behaviors that you don’t understand.
If you or someone you love has been diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) or is exhibiting symptoms, it’s time to consider treatment. We will cover the symptoms of OCD and treatment options in this comprehensive article.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a mental health disorder characterized by recurring unwanted thoughts, ideas, or sensations. These are called “obsessions.” People with OCD typically feel compelled to do something repetitively to get rid of these unwanted thoughts.
Repetitive behaviors can include continually checking on something, frequent hand washing, or performing mental acts like counting.1
Although there is no exact known cause of OCD, experts believe several factors can play a role. Brain abnormalities, genetics, and the environment may be contributing factors to the development or onset of OCD.2
Other mental health disorders may also occur with OCD, including depression, substance use disorder, or eating disorders.
Some individuals experience intrusive thoughts. Distressing thoughts might include thoughts of hurting someone, breaking something valuable, or disturbing sexual images.
To stop these thoughts, individuals with OCD might perform an action such as repeating something aloud or silently. These intrusive thoughts are not generally acted upon.
Similar to intrusive thoughts, rumination involves ideas that get stuck in someone’s head. A key difference is that ruminations are not necessarily distressing.
They might be religious, philosophical, or metaphysical thoughts. A person with OCD can become “stuck” on a topic for long periods of time, ignoring responsibilities while attempting to work out answers.
There are two types of contamination OCD. One is the belief that contamination, such as illnesses, can be spread through proximity or touch.
The other is that words, thoughts, and other everyday things can cause a person to be “contaminated” or unclean. People with this OCD symptom might have compulsions such as frequent hand washing and repetitive cleaning.
OCD is a complex disorder that requires help from mental health professionals. Obsessive-compulsive disorder is considered a lifelong disorder. Ignoring or delaying treatment is not advised.
If you are wondering “how is obsessive compulsive disorder treated?”, keep reading to find out.
The most effective treatments for OCD include cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and medication.
Some treatment options include:
If you are asking “how is obsessive compulsive disorder treated?”, you should understand that there are different programs for OCD treatment, including: